Spiritual Guide and Protector of the Order

His Most Eminence Cardinal Sergio Sebastiani
Spiritual Guide of the Sovereign Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem Knights of Malta


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His Most Reverend Eminence Cardinal Sergio Sebastiani was born in Montemonaco, Italy, on the 11th of April 1930. His eminence is a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and president emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.

He served as secretary of nunciature in Peru and Brazil and as auditor in nunciature in Chile.  He was recalled to the Vatican as secretary of Cardinal Cicognani and subsequently of Cardinal Villot during their terms as secretaries of State. Later he was head of the secretariat of the Sostituto, Counselor of nunciature in France with special charge before the Council of Europe and Prelate of honour. In 1976, Pope Paul VI appointed him Tituar Archbishop of Caesarea in Mauretania and at the same time Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Madagascar and Mauritius. Sebastiani became Apostolic Nuncio (ambassador of the Holy See), to Turkey in 1985. In 1994, he was appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee for the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000. In 1997, Sebastiani was made President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, part of the Roman Curia, responsible for auditing the temporal possessions of the Holy See. He served in this position until 2008.

Cardinal Sebastiani was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eustachio on 21 February 2001, and was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. On 21 February 2011, he opted for the order of Cardinal Priest, with his former diaconal church elevated to the level of cardinalitial title.